<![CDATA[suelefebvre.com - Blog]]>Tue, 29 Sep 2020 05:51:36 -0700Weebly<![CDATA[Blog # 41]]>Wed, 23 Sep 2020 16:52:33 GMThttp://suelefebvre.com/blog/blog-41The Tucson Writer's Guild invited me to make a presentation on my No More Deaths book in May. Covid-19 made that impossible, but we rescheduled for September on Zoom. That was easy. Here is what I said:

TUCSON WRITERS’ GUILD:
Tucson, May 18, 2020/September 20, 2020
Sue Lefebvre
 
My book, NO MORE DEATHS tells you part of a tragic story that has been unfolding in Southern Arizona for the past twenty years. People from south of the United States who found their daily lives to be untenable, decided to do what similar people around the world have done—move from the land and family and community they know—to a distant land where they hope to find new homes and great prosperity. This dream has been promised to them by the words of Emma Lazarus on the American Statue of Liberty. “Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses, yearning to breathe free...”
 
Sue’s Background:
 
While I have been writing this book, I’ve taken a more serious look at my own history with Mexico and Tucson. My father came to Arizona from Ohio looking for gold in the Bradshaw Mountains near Prescott in the 1920s. My mother’s family however, had moved from South Texas to Mexico in the 1880s where my great-grandfather worked on the railroad from Mexico City to Ojinaga, Texas, and my great-grandmother ran boarding houses along the route. In addition to children they already had, my grandmother bore five more children while they were there—or rather, she went across the border and bore them in Eagle Rock, Texas, to be sure they were US citizens. When Pancho Villa began marauding northern Mexico and the southwestern US, the family with several grown children moved back into the United States—into Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. One aunt stayed in Mexico and moved to Chihuahua City. Over the years, my mother and I stayed in touch with her as well as the other aunts and uncles. Many people in the family spoke Spanish and when I was growing up my home contained a variety of Mexican artifacts. My husband’s family came from Virginia and Texas; his father moved west when he was 16 and he worked on the railroad that connected Tucson with Nogales. Most of my immediate family has stayed in Southern Arizona.
 
I’ve lived in Tucson three different times: first, during the 2nd world war when my father went overseas and we moved in with my aunt and uncle on Fresno St., by St. Mary’s Hospital. While I was growing up and we moved back to Phoenix, we frequently visited the family in Tucson. My aunt and uncle owned Elliott Electronics on Fourth Ave (where the Coop is now located). The next stint was when I attended the UofA with my husband in the early 50’s and worked in my Uncle Hap’s store. Those of you who are older will remember that Hughes Aircraft moved into Tucson about that time. I recall two things about that—for one, Hughes wouldn’t hire my mother who was an excellent typist and secretary because she was 40 years old. The other thing I remember is counting out 3 or 400 resistors for Hughes from a lot of 1000. The next week they’d order that many more. My 18 year-old-self thought that was pretty ridiculous. The most recent time I’ve lived in Tucson is from 2007 to 2013. My husband, Gene, and I moved to Tucson to become more involved in the humanitarian activity across southern Arizona.
 
Why I wrote the book:
 
Those of you who lived in Southern Arizona in the 80’s will remember the Sanctuary Movement and trial. On behalf of the defendants (including the Rev. John Fife), my husband, Gene, became president of the Arizona Sanctuary Defense Fund (ASDF). The board raised $1.2 million dollars for the defense of 11 Sanctuary workers. Eight people were found guilty of various immigration-related charges, including the Rev. John Fife, but none went to jail.
 
In 2003, Gene started coming to Tucson from our home in Phoenix and worked with the group that was trying to address the humanitarian crisis here on the border. He was part of the group that founded Tucson Samaritans and No More Deaths.
 
In January 2007, after Gene retired for the second time, we moved to Tucson to be closer to the action. He’d been driving to Tucson once a week for more than 3 years to participate in No More Deaths meetings and take water into the desert. We moved into a home on the west side in the Tucson Mountain foothills.
 
It wasn’t long before I realized the importance of the work going on here. I knew that some 23 books had been written about the Sanctuary Movement, and I decided to be one of those who wrote about No More Deaths. So, I sat at my computer every day and wrote about what was happening. I used No More Deaths meeting minutes, press releases, policy statements, volunteer stories, data, and much more to piece together a coherent story. The goal was to inform people in our country of the tragedy of human deaths occurring here and of the desperate need for comprehensive immigration reform.
 
Organizing Principle—Civil Initiative
By Jim Corbett, Quaker

During Sanctuary, A local Quaker rancher, Jim Corbett, who was very active in Sanctuary, came up with a philosophy that became the guiding principle for Sanctuary and was later adopted by Samaritans and No More Deaths.
 
(Corbett wanted to…) The principle of civil initiative was developed by Jim Corbett during the Sanctuary Movement in the 1980s to distinguish this approach from other forms of organizing. such as protest or civil disobedience. In part, the concept grew out of the Nuremburg trials after WWII which led people to say (essentially) that never again will we stand by an let our government treat people inhumanely in our name.
 
Civil initiative is formed by this function: Our responsibility for protecting the persecuted must be balanced by our accountability to the legal order. (As formed by accountability, civil initiative is NONVIOLENT, TRUTHFUL, UNIVERSAL, DIALOGICAL, GERMANE, VOLUNTEER-BASED, and COMMUNITY-CENTERED.)

The various co-existing concepts include:

           NONVIOLENCE, in the manner of Ghandi, MLK, and Cesar Chavez, provides the foundation for civil initiative. It checks vigilantism. Civil initiative neither evades nor seizes police powers. (except court actions)

          TRUTHFULNESS is the foundation for accountability. Civil initiative           must be open and subject to public examination.
    
     Civil initiative is UNIVERSAL rather than factional, protecting those whose rights are being violated regardless of the victim’s ideological position or political usefulness.
 
     Civil initiative is DIALOGICAL, addressing government officials as persons, not just as adversaries or functionaries. Any genuine reconciliation of civil initiative with bureaucratic practice—the discovery of an accommodation that does not compromise human rights—is a joint achievement: civil initiative can never be based on non-negotiable demands.
 
     Action that is GERMANE to victim’s needs for protection is another aspect. It distinguishes civil initiative from reactions that are primarily symbolic or expressive. As a corollary, media coverage and public opinion are of secondary importance when our central concern is to do justice rather than to petition others to do it.
 
     Civil initiative’s emergency exercise of governmental functions is VOLUNTEER-BASED. The community must never forfeit its duty to protect the victims of human rights violations, but no bureaucracy should be formed that would oppose the return of governmental functions to those constitutionally designated to assume responsibility. Laws to protect migrants are already in place. Humanitarian groups have stepped in where the government abuses or neglects to enforce them.
 
     Civil initiative is COMMUNITY CENTERED. To actualize the Nuremberg mandate, our exercise of civil initiative must be socially sustained and congregationally coherent; it must integrate, outlast and outreach individual acts of conscience.

Major Themes:

 
As you are aware, the Border poses a vast complexity of issues. Andy Silverman, professor at the UA Law School, and others, helped me decide on the most important issues and themes to address. Among them the following:
 
  • Data—Early on, Dr. Ed McCullough (former UA provost) and his wife Debbie, began mapping the migrant trails in Southern Arizona. Overall, they and other volunteers mapped more than 2,000 miles of trails, some of them hundreds, and possibly, thousands of years old. Using a National Geographic database, Ed printed maps for the volunteers to use as they sought out lost and thirsty travelers. Some of the data and maps are included in my book. Recently, Michael Kresche of Humane Borders has taken over this responsibility.
 
  • Stories: Stories, as we all know, are powerful ways to convey information and touch people’s hearts. This book includes more than 30 contributions from No More Deaths volunteers. Some are stories, some are poems, some tell of the volunteers’ experiences, and some tell about the migrants they met along the way. Some are from the ports of entry and others are from the desert. Like the numerous border stories by Dick Watt, Dr. Norma Price, and Kathryn Ferguson, I expect these will touch you.
 
  • Operation Streamline: Operation Streamline takes approximately 70 migrants each day to federal court in downtown Tucson. Here they have minimal representation, and most are referred for deportation. No More Deaths and other humanitarian groups take turns monitoring the courtroom and providing tacit support for the migrants. My book describes one of the efforts to protest Operation Streamline by members of NMD, Samaritans, Humane Borders and the general public. There have been more protests since then.
 
  • SB 1070 and other laws: The book also addresses several of the U.S. and Arizona laws that affect migrants. This includes, of course, SB 1070. I describe the protests in Tucson and in Phoenix. Many of the onerous provisions of 1070 have been struck down by the courts.
 
  • KTT-- Out of the energetic response to 1070, No More Deaths established a program called Keep Tucson Together (KTT). KTT is a volunteer-based legal clinic that helps people stop their deportation proceedings, apply for DACA recognition, apply for asylum, and stop the separation of families in Southern Arizona. There are two or more clinics every week around Tucson. Attorney Margo Cowan is the founder and coordinator. Six teams of legal experts and other volunteers have been formed to deal with various needs of migrants. I recent times, KTT has been helping asylum defendants who have been returned to the community while awaiting court dates.
 
  • Wildlife Refuges: If you have followed the local news over the past few years, you will know that No More Deaths and the other humanitarian organizations have had their issues with the wildlife refuges in Southern Arizona. During 2009-2010, we participated in 18 months of negotiations with Buenas Aires National Wildlife Refuge BANWR). The issue of our access to the refuge to place water for migrants went all the way to the Department of Interior, Ken Salazar. After months of the back and forth, the Department and the refuge failed to come to an agreement with No More Deaths and Samaritans, and for the next ten years, we had free access with no prosecutions. Previously there had been two prosecutions of volunteers on BANWR. Dan Millis was found guilty of “littering,” and later his case was taken up by the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals which sent it back to the district court. As a result, the charges for both Dan Millis and Walt Staton (who in the meantime had been found guilty of “knowingly littering”) and thirteen others were dropped. PART III of the book is the most fulsome record of our relationship with the BANWR and the Dept. of the Interior.
 
  • Border Patrol: In 2000, when the humanitarian groups were forming, No More Deaths knew it would be important to establish a presence in the desert early on. Others with differing interests (like Border Patrol and Minutemen) were already there and not likely to welcome us. This turned out to be true. When we established our main outpost on Byrd Baylor’s property near Arivaca, Border Patrol soon began watch on nearby hills and hassled humanitarian workers in the field. Border Patrol worked hand in glove with Fish and Wildlife in harassing and prosecuting humanitarian workers.
 
  • When, in 2005, we established a program at the port in Nogales, we became aware of the abuses migrants were suffering at the hands of BP agents, we began documenting this abuse and subsequently issued seven reports of various aspects of questionable BP policies and behavior. One such report was issued just hours before the arrest of NMD volunteer, Dr. Scott Warren, in Ajo for conspiracy and harboring of migrants. He was tried on these charges, as well as for misdemeanors, and was ultimately found not guilty. These and other prosecutions have come at great cost to No More Deaths and to the government. Nevertheless, the U.S. attorney for Arizona has vowed to continue to prosecute No More Deaths for smuggling.
 
  • Immigration Reform: The overall theme of this book is the need for comprehensive immigration reform. During the 2016 campaign, Hillary Clinton thought 2007 had promised the greatest opportunity for us to achieve this important legislation. You may remember the bipartisan bill backed by our senator, John McCain, and seven others. When Gene and I moved to Tucson in 2007, we were optimistic that we would soon close-up shop and move back home to Phoenix. We stayed for seven years, and of course, the crisis has continued and has worsened. I believe the Trump administration ushered in an entirely different era of border policy and its implementation, of which I only know from the media. In 2018, I decided I had to finish the book because things had taken such a different turn. His impact on immigration demanded its own separate books.
 
  • One such book is Separated, the very recent work of Jacob Soboroff. Jacob is an NBC reporter who happened to be in McAllen, Texas, in 2018, when it was first learned that children were being separated from their parents. He was able to enter the detention site, document what he saw, report about it, and subsequently write his book. I hope you will check it out--Separated; it’s available at amazon.com in hard cover and Kindle. 
Then and Now:
 
Conditions at the border evolved considerably from the time my book starts until today. In the book, I barely touch on the influx of Central Americans in 2014. That year marked the tenth anniversary of No More Deaths. Also, I don’t touch on dramatic policy changes made during the Trump administration, except to address the response by humanitarians through expansion of humanitarian work to the west in Ajo and south into Mexico. I also include the arrest of Dr. Scott Warren and eight others in 2017 and their trials in 2019
 
Except for these recent events, the period I cover goes from the beginning of migrant advocacy by the Tucson Manzo Council in the 1970s to the period after the 2014 anniversary. In 1994, U.S. policy changed significantly with the implementation of NAFTA . The government predicted more migrants would come to the United States. Sylvestre Reyes, at the time chief border patrol agent in El Paso, implemented "deterrence by death" when it was decided to close the border ports to entry of migrants, with the result that people were forced into hostile mountains and deserts. In 1994, few people outside of the Southwest were concerned about the border. Now our entire country is aware of immigration issues. People are angry, appalled, frustrated, hopeful, or of a punitive mind—depending on their point of view. The separation of children from their parents starting in 2018 raised this national awareness to a new level, a condition (among many others) that will likely stain our political life for years to come.
 
Over the years, numerous humanitarian organizations were formed: Humane Borders, Samaritans, No More Deaths, the Colibri Project, Humane Border Solutions, and so on. While initially guarding their respective turfs, now a new level of cooperation now exists among the groups. Also over time, government agencies developed new strategies to deal with migrants, and media outlets began to pay attention and go to great lengths to cover the issues. Systemic Border Patrol abuses have come to light, and No More Deaths, sometimes in collaboration with other groups, has documented these abuses and produced reports covering policies, abuses, and recommendations. Some of this important material is included in my book.
 
Volunteers form the backbone of No More Deaths. The number of volunteers who have stepped up to do this work is astounding. Each one knows this is a history we can be proud of; while at the same time, we all know there is much more work to be done, many more stories to be told, many more hearts to change, and many more productive legal provisions to be enacted.
 
I don’t quote Emma Lazarus in my book, but rather the great abolitionist, Frederick Douglas: His words are very appropriate for this day.
 
“It is not light that is needed, but fire; it is not the gentle shower, but thunder. We need the storm, the whirlwind, the earthquake. The feeling of the nation must be quickened; the conscience of the nation must be roused; the propriety of the nation must be startled; the hypocrisy of the nation must be exposed; and the crimes against God and man must be exposed and denounced.“

Thank you for inviting me here. I will be happy to answer any questions.
 
If needed:
Cesar Chavez, Phoenix, 1972
 
We can choose to use our lives for others to bring about a better and more just world for our children. People who make that choice will know hardship and sacrifice. But if you give yourself totally to the non-violent struggle for peace and justice, you also find that people will give you their hearts. You will never go hungry and will ever be alone. In giving of yourself you will discover a whole new life full of meaning and love.
 
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<![CDATA[blog # 40]]>Sun, 23 Aug 2020 07:00:00 GMThttp://suelefebvre.com/blog/blog-40Picture



​Here is a speech by one of Dr. Scott Warren's lawyers, Greg Kuykendall. It's a great summary. Sue

Imprisoning Schindler: Responding to the legal vulnerability of those who aid refugees by Greg Kuykendall who acted as lead counsel for Dr. Scott Warren, a cultural geographer charged in 2018 with multiple federal crimes revolving around his humanitarian aid efforts in the western desert of Arizona.

After three trials over two years, Dr. Warren was acquitted of all charges. The United States government created then nourished an ever-growing humanitarian aid crisis over the last 25 years in the borderlands of Arizona. Many thousands have perished and many thousands more have suffered unconscionable hardship and horrific abuse as a direct result of this crisis of the government’s own making. Making matters excruciatingly worse, recently the Trump Administration’s Department of Justice escalated the crisis by prosecuting humanitarian aid workers for their life-saving actions.

To be clear, the creation of the crisis does not lie at the feet of the Trump Administration, as these killing fields are a direct product of a Clinton Administration declared policy to reduce unauthorized immigration. The Trump Administration’s new prosecutorial zeal, however, constitutes gas on a burning fire.

In 1994, the US government implemented the Malthusian border security policy officially known as Prevention Through Deterrence. The homicidal logic behind Prevention Through Deterrence is the following: 1) by massing law enforcement in populated border areas, migrants fleeing their native countries will decide to cross the border far away from those population centers in order to avoid apprehension, 2) their crossings consequently will take place in the most isolated and dangerous places along the 2,000+ mile US-Mexico border, 3) crossing the vast uninhabited desert will either a) kill huge numbers of migrants, thus keeping them from successfully entering the U.S., or b) cause the migrants eventually to conduct a risk-benefit analysis and decide to not migrate, after all. This facile but lethal logic has killed many thousands of people: more than 3,000 partial or whole corpses of people identified as “undocumented border crossers” – in the parlance of the Pima County Arizona Medical Examiner’s Office -- have been recovered since the year 2000. Reasonable estimates suggest ten times as many people may have actually perished in the expansive western deserts stretching between Nogales and Yuma, Arizona, but have never been discovered.

The inability to recover most of the human remains is due to, among other things, the enormous area where the remains could be, the rapid deterioration of the remains caused by the extreme environment, and government regulations on access to the areas where the bodies are. The ancestral home to the Tohono O’odham Nation runs along and across the international border separating Arizona and the Mexican state of Sonora. More than two million acres of virtually uninhabited desert – controlled almost exclusively by the federal government, including the Organ Pipe National Monument, the Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge, and the Barry M. Goldwater Bombing Range – separate Arizona’s southern border from the eastwest running Interstate 10 to the north. No ranches or occupied structures exist; that is to say, unlike most places, there is absolutely nowhere to seek help.

The poorest and most desperate migrants, many of whom cannot even afford a coyote to cross them – attempt to walk the 40 miles to Interstate 10 through the most extreme environment in North America. Temperatures often exceed 120 degrees Fahrenheit and, in the winter, drop well below freezing. Virtually no water exists, besides a few widely scattered mud holes used by wildlife. Crossing the Organ Pipe and Cabeza Prieta is virtually impossible. Even if successful to that point, a deserted but active military bombing range still stretches many miles between the migrant and Interstate 10.

The town of Ajo, home to 3,000, is the only outpost in this vast region. A single paved road connects Ajo to the rest of the world. Ajo currently houses a Border Patrol station with approximately 500 agents. These agents are ever present on the single road and venture into the desert in trucks and ATVs, on horseback, and in helicopters, running roughshod over the wilderness. In the wilderness they hunt and often “scatter” the migrants, then take the meager supplies that the migrants drop as they escape, even emptying their water bottles.

In reaction to the mounting human carnage that Prevention Through Deterrence causes, twenty years ago several humanitarian aid groups began systematically determining where the migrants were walking across the desert and placing life-saving supplies along those constantly shifting migrant trails. Each month, the Pima County Medical Examiner publicly provides GPS positions of the recovered human remains of undocumented border crossers and then humanitarian cartographers create an overlay onto US Geological Survey maps.

The humanitarian groups decide where to place the water and food based on these “death maps” and distribute them to a network of volunteers. The humanitarian aid groups not only place aid where it is most needed, they engage in search and rescue missions that Border Patrol often refuses to bother with. In coordination with various groups, the humanitarians seek information about missing individuals, try to identify the remains, and let the decedents’ survivors know has happened to their loved ones. One of the principal aid groups is No More Deaths, a faith-based collection of volunteers sponsored by the Unitarian Universalist Church of Tucson. No More Deaths not only coordinates and engages in all of the above-described activities, it also documents Border Patrol’s systematic and cultural abuse of migrants and humanitarian aid workers. An uneasy truce, but a truce all the same, has always existed between the humanitarian groups and Border Patrol, until the Trump Department of Justice chose to “disrupt” the humanitarian aid in the name of strengthening the Prevention Through Deterrence policy.

In a significant escalation of the Trump Administration’s war on migrants, on January 17, 2018, Border Patrol agents with the “Disrupt Unit” arrested a prominent member of No More Deaths, Dr. Scott Warren, while he was providing medical treatment to two young migrants at a humanitarian aid station in Ajo, Arizona. Federal prosecutors then charged him with a broad ranging conspiracy and two counts of harboring illegal aliens, charges exposing him to 20 years imprisonment.

Not coincidentally, just hours before his arrest, No More Deaths released to the media a report documenting the multiple methods Border Patrol agents routinely used to abuse migrants, including video footage of Border Patrol agents in the field vandalizing water, food and medical supplies No More Deaths left on known migrant trails. The video went viral, as did the documented intentional destruction by Border Patrol of more than 3,000 gallons of water cached by the volunteers. To reach the migrant trails No More Deaths volunteers must hike many miles through federally-controlled land carrying multiple gallon jugs of water, each weighing over eight pounds, along with canned beans and first aid supplies. Primitive “administrative” roads exist in these vast areas, but the federal land managers dictate who among the public can drive on the roads. These managers, in coordination with Border Patrol, refused to issue permission to humanitarian aid groups to use the roads. In a bizarre but telling twist, the managers do allow water to be trucked across those roads of water – but only water for intended for wildlife, which is then hunted.

In addition to the felony charges leveled in January 2018, the federal government also charged Dr. Warren with one misdemeanor for driving on the administrative roads without permission and another misdemeanor for “littering,” i.e., leaving water for migrants along the trail of death. These felony and misdemeanor prosecutions not only imperiled Dr. Warren’s freedom and future, they constituted an existential threat to the multiple humanitarian aid movements. Successful prosecutions against humanitarian aid workers would effectively prevent their lifesaving work from continuing. More people would die, as an emboldened federal government continued forcing migrants into a desert environment now weaponized by the government, and fewer humanitarians would be able help them survive their extraordinarily perilous trek.

Indeed, after Dr. Warren’s well-publicized arrest, enrollment in No More Deaths’ volunteer program descended precipitously. Consequently, we treated this case just like we treat the capital cases that are my firm’s bread and butter. To that end, among many, many other motions, we filed and litigated multiple motions to suppress, motions to dismiss for selective enforcement, motions to dismiss for violations of international law, motions to dismiss for violations of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, and motions to reassign the case to a different judge. Although we lost most of these pre-trial motions, we gave the judge and the community a deep education before our trials ever began about what Dr. Warren and his compatriots were doing for humanity, as well as how profoundly reactionary and inhumane the federal government’s response was to the practice of basic Good Samaritan-ship to fellow human beings.

Ultimately, after 15 months of intense pretrial litigation, we won the misdemeanor case, winning on the basis of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act – another Clinton-era law that has been used lately by the religious right to prevent women from access to reproductive freedom. We then tried the felony case twice, each time for two weeks (the first jury hung 8-4 for acquittal, the second jury quickly acquitted). Notably, this was not a case of jury nullification. Rather, we defended on the dual basis of a grossly insufficient amount of evidence of guilt, and on the basis that the government could never prove Dr. Warren’s intent was criminal. Put another way, humanitarian intent is not criminal intent. Many strategies, people and influences combined to make these achievements possible. One very important strategy was the massive public education campaign by No More Deaths throughout Arizona. Huge numbers of yard signs, regular coverage in social and conventional media, and large gatherings of humanitarians of every stripe attending all of our many pre-trial hearings and trial days pounded home this easily digestible explanation: “Humanitarian Aid is Never a Crime.”

While this phrase would strike most of the civilized world as a truism, the abjectly racist and counter-factual narrative about migration and migrants that President Trump and his ilk have successfully spread in the United States, along with the normalization of treating migrants more poorly than we treat meat animals, caused “Humanitarian Aid is Never a Crime” to initially be perceived by many in Arizona as a radical statement. The success of our endeavor was due in large part by matching the drumbeat coming from the far right, thus enabling us to seat a jury that had been exposed to the notion of humanitarian aid being a positive good in the world, just as surely as they had been exposed to the racist and xenophobic rants coming from the right.

The effective messaging of No More Deaths – as well as the trial judge finally on the second go-round recognizing the need for extensive jury questionnaires and real voir dire, rather than the “you be fair, right?” drivel that constitutes most judicial questioning of the venire – created an opportunity for a fair fight. An impartial jury made to comprehend the life and death context in which aid workers provide their humanitarian service creates an opportunity for a fair trial, even in these desperate times.


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<![CDATA[blog #39]]>Fri, 07 Aug 2020 20:06:47 GMThttp://suelefebvre.com/blog/blog-39From the Ignacian Solidarity Network:

THE BEGINNING OF THE END
BY JOSÉ ARNULFO CABRERA | August 7, 2020
español

On June 18, 2020, the Supreme Court ruled that the manner in which the Trump Administration ended the DACA program did not adhere to the Administrative Procedure Act (APA), ruling that the Administration must reinstate DACA to its original 2012 form. This was a surprising ruling that my fellow immigration advocates and I did not expect. Thousands have waited for the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) to share when they will begin to accept new applications and advance parole applications, but they said nothing. Then on July 17, a federal judge in Maryland ordered the Trump Administration to begin accepting new DACA applications. Instead of doing so, the Administration took the first step to permanently ending the DACA program.  

Last Tuesday, July 28, USCIS issued a memorandum on DACA. Acting Secretary Chad Wolf wrote, “…given my serious concerns about the policy, I have determined that some changes should immediately be made to the policy to limit its scope in the interim.” He announced that as of the 28th;
  • no new DACA applications will be accepted and USCIS officials are directed to deny any new DACA applications submitted;
  • advance parole will be given to DACA recipients only in exceptional circumstances; and
  • DACA renewal and work permits will be issued for one year instead of two years. 
This memorandum has been really hard for me to process. I’ve struggled to sleep. I’ve had nightmares. There have been moments when I’ve gotten so angry I’ve isolated myself. 

In April, I received my DACA renewal, which is valid until 2022. My grandfather passed away in mid-March and my grandma’s spirit might leave her body soon, but because of COVID, I could not go say my goodbye to her even if I was legally able. This memorandum personally doesn’t affect me much. But in the last few days, I’ve received many calls from young undocumented youth wanting to get information about applying for DACA. The Monday before the memorandum was issued, a faculty member of a Jesuit high school shared that they were working with the school to help pay for their student to apply for DACA.

According to the Center for American Progress, 55,500 undocumented youth who aged into eligibility for DACA were stripped of the chance. 55,500. That is 55,500 stories, lives, and dreams—Americans who we are denying the chance to fully participate in our society. And for five of them, I had to tell them through a cell phone that they couldn’t apply anymore. 

What angers me the most is that so many people seem to misunderstand that this is the beginning of Trump ending DACA. Instead of doing what the highest court in the land told them—and a federal judge in Maryland—they have started to strip the program. Many news sources, including Spanish news sources, used confusing headlines that made it seem that the Trump Administration will allow DACA to remain for another year. I understand that immigration policy, law, the entire system is confusing and has only become more so in the last few years. But every single pro-immigration advocate said over and over in the hours after the memorandum, “this is the first step in ending the program.” 

The positive ruling from the Supreme Court was short-lived and has left me with a bitter taste. My undocumented community received a difficult hit. My undocumented community is hurting. I’m hurting. My undocumented community is exhausted from consistently living on the defensive because of this anti-immigrant and white supremacist agenda. I’m exhausted. 
James Baldwin once wrote, “Hope is invented every day.”

I’ve spent more time with immigrants than with citizens. What I’ve learned from my immigrant siblings is that finding hope during the hopeless moments in life. We might feel exhausted but we are far from done. The fearlessness and relentlessness of my undocumented community is my new hope.

José Arnulfo Cabrera: José Arnulfo Cabrera is the director of education and advocacy for migration for the Ignatian Solidarity Network. He is a 2018 graduate of Xavier University, a DACA recipient, and an immigration activist. He previously worked with the Intercommunity Justice and Peace Center in Cincinnati, Ohio, where he provided training on lobbying, organizing, and immigration policy, as well as shared his own immigration story, and as a government relations associate with NETWORK Lobby for Catholic Social Justice in Washington, D.C.


2020-08-07/0 COMMENTS/

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<![CDATA[August 05th, 2020]]>Wed, 05 Aug 2020 17:31:23 GMThttp://suelefebvre.com/blog/august-05th-2020From our friend, Paul Barby in Tucson:

Dozens of undocumented migrants arrested at humanitarian camp in Arivaca
AZCentral.com
U.S. Border Patrol agents arrested more than three dozen undocumented migrants at a camp used by humanitarian organization No More Deaths on ...
Border Patrol agents raid No More Deaths migrant aid camp - Arizona Public Media
 
Border Patrol raids migrant aid camp in Arivaca
Arizona Daily Star
Agents with U.S. Customs and Border Patrol raided the Byrd Camp aid station for migrants run by No More Deaths near Arivaca, Ariz., on July 31, 2020.
Border Patrol agent detain 30 migrants at No More Deaths camp - KVOA Tucson News
Border Patrol raids migrant aid camp in Arivaca - Arizona Daily Star
Border Patrol Launches Militarized Raid of Borderlands Humanitarian Aid Camp - The Intercept
Supreme Court Allows Continued Construction of Trump's Border Wall
Ariane de Vogue, CNN
De Vogue writes: "A divided Supreme Court on Friday allowed continued construction of a portion of President Donald Trump's border wall while legal challenges play out."
READ MORE
Tensions persist among attorneys representing detained children
'It's such an uncertainty, not to be able to plan my life': DACA recipients slam new attacks
 
Netflix's Immigration Nation is a grueling, maddening, and essential watch
The A.V. Club
Christina Clusiau and Shaul Schwarz's Immigration Nation takes an unprecedented look at one of the fastest-growing—and most ...
Netflix's 'Immigration Nation' offers an unflinching portrait inside ICE—and a broken system - Fast Company
What's on TV Monday: 'Immigration Nation' and 'Dora and the Lost City of Gold' - The New York Times
'Immigration Nation': TV Review - Hollywood Reporter
 
 
Border Patrol agents set up checkpoint outside aid camp in Arivaca
Border Patrol agents have surrounded a humanitarian aid camp in Arivaca after entering the property without a warrant on Thursday and arresting an illegal immigrant who sought medical care, aid volunteers said.
At least a half-dozen Border Patrol trucks, along with agents on ATVs, are set up outside the camp, according to Paige Corich-Kleim, a volunteer with Tucson-based No More Deaths. The surveillance started around 9 a.m. Thursday and was ongoing as of early Friday afternoon. Agents set up a checkpoint just outside the camp and are searching vehicles as they leave.
Read more...

'Immigration Nation' Review: A Deep Dive Into Deportation
The New York Times
This Netflix documentary looks at the bureaucracy of immigration enforcement — an intriguing investigation that probably won't change any minds.
The Horrifying ICE Documentary Trump Doesn't Want You to See - Daily Beast
 
Tuberculosis among Newly Arrived Immigrants and Refugees in the United States
ATS Journals
Methods: We categorized at risk immigrants and refugees as: with recent completion of treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis disease overseas ...
 
Twin Rulings By Federal Judge Block 'Public Charge' Rules For Immigrants
NPR
The measures, which are now on hold, had broadened the grounds under which immigrants could be considered "public charges," a label that can ...
Judge blocks Trump admin's rule barring immigrants who use public benefits - KPQ
Judge blocks Trump admin's rule barring immigrants who use public benefits - WLS-TV
 
The U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants Statement on the Department of Homeland ...
US Committee for Refugees and Immigrants | - US Committee for Refugees and Immigrants
This ruling ordered the Administration to fully restore DACA, allowing some 700,000 immigrants who came to the here as children to live and work in the ...

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<![CDATA[August 01st, 2020]]>Sat, 01 Aug 2020 17:31:39 GMThttp://suelefebvre.com/blog/august-01st-2020From our friend, Paul Barby: No More Deaths sent this out. It is an outrage. Sue
July, 31, 2020

We wanted you to know about this breaking development in our work:
 
U.S. Border Patrol entered our humanitarian aid camp near Arivaca, Arizona, yesterday without a warrant, detaining one person, in a clear prioritization of an enforcement only strategy, while migrants were seeking medical aid and respite.
 
As we write this, agents are currently surrounding and surveilling the property on the ground and in the air, and have not obtained a warrant.

 
PLEASE CALL TUCSON STATION BORDER PATROL and demand that they stand down and respect humanitarian aid at (520) 514-4700.
 
Sample script: My name is _____ , and I’m calling to demand that Border Patrol stand down from the No More Deaths humanitarian aid station and stop interfering with lifesaving aid during a record-breaking heat wave.
 
Temperatures in the area are currently surging over 100 degrees consistently. Our work becomes even more vital in the midst of this heat wave and Border Patrol’s actions are a clear and flagrant obstruction to people receiving lifesaving humanitarian aid.
 
This escalation comes only a day after No More Deaths/ No Más Muertes released documents revealing that the Border Patrol union (a pro-Trump, anti-immigrant, extremist organization) provoked a June 2017 raid of our camp, calling in support from the Border Patrol Tactical Unit (BORTAC), the agency’s special operations unit, which was also recently deployed to Portland, Oregon.
 
Border Patrol has always been aware of our work at our aid camp and we have continued to maintain open lines of communication with them. The camp is on private property and we have always exercised our rights against warrantless searches.
 
We have long experienced and documented Border Patrol’s interference with our humanitarian aid work. In Part II of our report series, Disappeared: How US Border Enforcement Agencies are Fueling a Missing Persons Crisis, we document a pattern of interference with humanitarian aid. In the report, we argue that Border Patrol’s obstruction of humanitarian aid is not an anomaly, but is rather a logical extension of a border enforcement strategy designed to push people into life-threatening danger and use death as deterrence. This report can be read here. In addition, a video summary of the report can be seen here.
 
As Part II of the series discusses, Border Patrol agents have surrounded, surveilled and raided our camp on several occasions, most recently in June 2017 - until yesterday. 
 
During the June 15, 2017 raid, Border Patrol agents conducted a military-style raid on our medical aid camp, after surrounding it for 48 hours. Just like yesterday, the raid took place in the midst of a record heat wave, with temperatures reaching well over 100 degrees. And once again, yesterday, during the most dangerous time of year in the borderlands, the Border Patrol’s resources were focused on policing a humanitarian aid station. As we explain in the report:
 
“These actions by Border Patrol create an atmosphere of fear and tension in a place where injured, ill, and often deeply traumatized people come in need of medical aid and respite. As one volunteer has stated, the raids and surveillance “destroy . . . the environment of safety that camp requires in order to help people with healing.” In addition, migrants in need of medical care can be frightened away and deterred from seeking help at the camp if they believe it will result in their arrest. For them, this means continuing to walk rather than seek help, potentially under conditions of severe dehydration and untreated injuries or illnesses.” 
 
We believe that the unimpeded provision of lifesaving humanitarian assistance is essential and that Border Patrol should let us do our work in peace, in accordance with International Red Cross standards and protocols.
 
Next month, we will release the third report in the series, titled Left to Die: Border Patrol, Search & Rescue, and the Crisis of Disappearance. For a summary of the full report series, please go here.
 
If you’d like to help us continue our work, please consider giving a gift here now.
 
If you can’t give, we appreciate your support - please call the Tucson Border Patrol Office at the number above and demand that the Border Patrol stand down and let us continue to do our aid work.
 
Thank you for being with us during this challenging time.
 
In solidarity,
The No More Deaths/ No Más Muertes community
 
P.S. To keep up to date on happenings at our aid camp, follow us on Twitter, Facebook or Instagram

 
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<![CDATA[July 13th, 2020]]>Mon, 13 Jul 2020 19:18:36 GMThttp://suelefebvre.com/blog/july-13th-2020Here are a few of the border stories identified for us this week by Paul Barby. Just click on the blue links to see the full stories:

Trump's Immigration Order Targeted Women And Children
Forbes
I write about globalization, business, technology and immigration. TOPSHOT-US-POLITICS-TRUMP-IMMIGRATION. Donald Trump speaks ...
 
What Happens Next for DACA?
Inside Higher Ed
Advocates for immigrant college students cheered the Supreme Court's recent 5-to-4 ... Immigration advocates fear the agency will drag its heels.
 
The Supreme Court stopped Trump from ending DACA, but local immigrants say they're still not safe
Charlottesville Tomorrow
A University of Virginia student participates in the UndocUVA's annual College & University Action Day hosted nationwide by the I Stand With Immigrants ...


Trump expected to refile paperwork to end DACA this week - The Hill
 
Federal appeals court blocks Trump administration rule limiting asylum claims by Central American ...
CNN
The regulation at the core of the lawsuit prohibits migrants who have resided in or traveled through third countries from seeking asylum in the US, ...
 
One of 43 missing students identified.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/07/world/americas/mexico-43-missing-students-remains.html
 
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<![CDATA[blog #35]]>Sun, 12 Jul 2020 22:36:31 GMThttp://suelefebvre.com/blog/blog-35
Dear Friends, I was scheduled to speak at the Tucson Writers Guild in May. This did not happen. So, I decided to post my remarks here. I hope they speak to you. Thanks, Sue

TUCSON WRITERS’ GUILD:
Tucson, May 18, 2020

 
I want to tell you about a tragic story that has been unfolding in Southern Arizona for the past twenty years. People from south of the United States who found their daily lives to be untenable, decided to do what similar people around the world have done—move from the land and family and community they know—to a distant land where they hope to find new land and great prosperity. This dream has been promised to them by the words of Emma Lazarus on the American Statue of Liberty. “Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses, yearning to breathe free...”
 
I don’t quote Emma Lazarus in my book, but rather the great abolitionist, Frederick Douglas:
 
“It is not light that is needed, but fire; it is not the gentle shower, but thunder. We need the storm, the whirlwind, the earthquake. The feeling of the nation must be quickened; the conscience of the nation must be roused; the propriety of the nation must be startled; the hypocrisy of the nation must be exposed; and the crimes against God and man must be exposed and denounced.“
 
What a perfect message for the challenges of today!
 
Sue’s Background:
 
Since I’ve written this book and have been marketing it, I’ve taken a more serious look at my history with Mexico. While my father came from Ohio looking for gold in the Bradshaw Mountains near Prescott in the 1920s, my mother’s family had moved from South Texas to Mexico in the 1880s where my great-grandfather worked on the railroad and my great-grandmother ran a boarding house and cared for the family. It was only when Pancho Villa began marauding northern Mexico and the southwestern US, that my family with seven grown children moved back into the United States—into Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. One aunt stayed in Mexico and moved to Chihuahua City. Over the years, my mother and I stayed in touch with her as well as the other aunts and uncles. A number of people in the family spoke Spanish and when I was growing up my home contained a variety of Mexican artifacts. My husband’s family came from Virginia and Texas; his father moved west when he was 16 and worked on the railroad that connected Tucson with Nogales. Most of my immediate family has stayed in Southern Arizona. My husband and I attended both ASU and the U of A.
 
Why I wrote the book:
 
Those of you who lived in Southern Arizona in the late 70’s and 80’s will remember the Sanctuary Movement and trial. My husband, Gene, became president of the Arizona Sanctuary Defense Fund (ASDF). The ASDF board raised $1.2 million dollars for the defense of 11 Sanctuary workers. Eight people were found guilty of various immigration-related charges, but none went to jail.
 
In January 2007, after Gene retired for the second time, we moved to Tucson to be closer to the action. During 2003-2006, he’d been driving to Tucson once a week to participate in No More Deaths (NMD) meetings and take water into the desert. We moved into a home in the Tucson Mountain foothills. Gene was part of the group that founded Samaritans and No More Deaths in 2002 and 2004.
 
It wasn’t long before I realized the importance of the work going on here. I knew that some 23 books had been written about the Sanctuary Movement, and I decided to be one of those who wrote about No More Deaths. So, I sat down at my computer every day and wrote about what was happening. I used No More Deaths meeting minutes, press releases, policy statements, volunteer stories, data, and much more to piece together a coherent story. The goal was to inform people in our country of the tragedy of human deaths occurring here and of the desperate need for comprehensive immigration reform.
 
Major Themes:
 
As you are aware, the Border poses a vast complexity of issues. Andy Silverman, professor at the UA Law School, and others, helped me decide on the most important issues and themes to address. Among them the following:


  • Data—Early on, Dr. Ed McCullough, former dean at the U of A and his wife Debbie, an artist, began mapping the migrant trails in Southern Arizona. Overall, they and other volunteers mapped more than 2,000 miles of trails, some of them hundreds, and possibly, thousands of years old. Using a National Geographic database, Ed printed maps for the volunteers to use as they sought out lost and thirsty travelers. Some of the data and maps are included in my book.
 
  • Stories: Stories, as we all know, are powerful ways to convey information and touch people’s hearts. This book includes more than 30 contributions from No More Deaths volunteers. Some are stories, some are poems, some tell of the volunteers’ experiences, and some tell about the migrants they met along the way. Some are from the ports of entry and others are from the desert. Like Margaret Regan’s numerous border stories, I know these will touch you.
 
  • Operation Streamline:      Operation Streamline takes approximately 70 migrants each day to federal court in downtown Tucson. Here they have minimal representation, and most are referred for deportation. No More Deaths and other humanitarian groups take turns monitoring the courtroom and providing tacit support for the migrants. The book describes one of the efforts to protest Operation Streamline by members of NMD, Samaritans, Humane Borders and the general public. There have been more protests.
 
  • SB 1070 and other laws--Keep Tucson Together (KTT): The book also addresses several of the U.S. and Arizona laws that affect migrants. This includes, of course, SB 1070. Out of the energetic response to 1070, No More Deaths established a program called Keep Tucson Together. KTT is a volunteer-based legal clinic that helps people stop their deportation and stop the separation of families in Southern Arizona. We have two or more clinics every week around Tucson. Attorney Margo Cowan is the founder and coordinator. Six teams have been formed to deal with various needs of migrants.
 
  • Wildlife Refuges: If you have followed the local news over the past few years, you will know that No More Deaths and the other humanitarian organizations have had their issues with the wildlife refuges in Southern Arizona. During 2009-2010, we participated in 18 months of negotiations with Buenas Aires National Wildlife Refuge. The issue of our access to the refuge to place water for migrants went all the way to the Department of Interior, Ken Salazar. After months of the back and forth, the Department and the refuge failed to come to an agreement with No More Deaths and Samaritans, and for the next ten years, we had free access with no prosecutions. Previously there had been two prosecutions of volunteers on BANWR. Dan Millis was found guilty of “littering,” and later his case was taken up by the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals which sent it back to the district court. The charges for both Dan and Walt Staton and thirteen others were dropped. PART III of the book is the most fulsome record of our relationship with the BANWR and the Dept. of the Interior.
 
  • Border Patrol: In 2000, when the humanitarian groups were forming, they knew it would be important to establish a presence in the desert early on. Others with differing interests (like Border Patrol and Minutemen) were already there and not likely to welcome us. This turned out to be true. When we established our main outpost on Byrd Baylor’s property, Border Patrol soon began watch on nearby hills and hassled humanitarian workers in the field. Border Patrol worked hand in glove with Fish and Wildlife in hassling and prosecuting humanitarian workers. When, in 2005, we established a program at the port in Nogales, we became aware of the abuses migrants were suffering at the hands of BP agents, we began documenting this abuse and subsequently issued seven reports of various aspects of questionable BP policies and behavior. One such report was issued just hours before the arrest of NMD volunteer, Dr. Scott Warren, in Ajo for conspiracy and harboring of migrants (on the Cabeza Prieta Wildlife Refuge). He was tried on these charges, as well as for misdemeanors, and was ultimately found not guilty. These and other prosecutions have come at great cost to No More Deaths and to the government. The U.S. attorney for Arizona has vowed to continue to prosecute us for smuggling.
 
  • Immigration Reform: The overall theme of the book is the need for comprehensive immigration reform. During the 2016 campaign, Hillary Clinton thought 2007 promised the greatest opportunity for us to achieve this important legislation. When Gene and I moved to Tucson in 2007, we were optimistic that we would soon close-up shop and move back home to Phoenix. We stayed for seven years, and of course, the crisis has continued and has worsened. In 2018, I decided to finish the book because things had taken a different turn when Trump was elected. His impact on immigration demanded its own separate books.
 
Then and Now:
 
Conditions at the border evolved considerably from the time my book starts until today. In the book, I barely touch on the influx of Central Americans in 2014. That year marked the tenth anniversary of No More Deaths. Also, I don’t touch on dramatic policy changes made during the Trump administration, except to address our expansion of work to the west in Ajo and south into Mexico, and the arrest of Dr. Scott Warren and eight others in 2017 and their trials in 2019. I believe the Trump administration ushered in an entirely different era of border policy and its implementation, of which I only know from the media.
 
The period I cover goes from the beginning of migrant advocacy by the Manzo Council in the 1970s to the period after the 2014 anniversary. In 1994, U.S. policy changed significantly with the implementation of NAFTA. The government predicted more migrants would come to the United States. Sylvestre Reyes, at the time chief border patrol agent in El Paso, implemented "deterrence by death" when it was decided to close the border ports of entry of migrants, with the result that people were forced into hostile mountains and deserts. In 1994, few people outside of the Southwest were concerned about the border. Now our entire country is aware of immigration issues. People are angry, appalled, frustrated, hopeful, or of a punitive mind—depending on their point of view. The separation of children from their parents starting in 2018 raised this national awareness to a new level, a condition that will likely stain our political life for years to come.
 
Over the years, numerous humanitarian organizations were formed: Humane Borders, Samaritans, No More Deaths, the Colibri Project, Humane Border Solutions, and so on. While initially guarding their respective turfs, now a new level of cooperation now exists among the groups. Over time, government agencies developed strategies and media outlets began to pay attention and go to great lengths to cover the issues. Systemic Border Patrol abuses came to light, and No More Deaths, sometimes in collaboration with other groups, documented these abuses and produced seven reports covering policies, abuses, and recommendations. Some of this important material is included in my book.
 
The many volunteers who have stepped up to do this work is astounding. Each one knows this is a history we can be proud of, while at the same time, we know there is much more work to be done, many more stories to be told, many more hearts to change, and many more productive legal provisions to be enacted.
 
Before I close, I want to mention the recent work of Jacob Soboroff. Jacob is an NBC reporter who happened to be in McAllen, Texas, in 2018, when it was first learned that children were being separated from their parents. He was able to enter the detention site, document what he saw, report about it, and subsequently write a book titled, Separated, I hope you will check this out; it’s available at amazon.com in hard cover and Kindle, as is my book, NO MORE DEATHS.
 
Thank you for inviting me here. I will be happy to answer any questions.


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<![CDATA[July 01st, 2020]]>Wed, 01 Jul 2020 20:52:56 GMThttp://suelefebvre.com/blog/july-01st-2020Welcome Back!!! While working with No More Deaths over the past 15 years, I have become aware, not only of current Border Patrol abuses, but also of systemic abuses by Border Patrol from its inception. Read this interesting report by SOA Watch:

An article by SOA Watch's Dévora González and Azadeh Shahshahani of Project South examines the history of institutional violence at the U.S.-Mexico Border and makes the case for abolishing the Border Patrol. Published in the CEC Journal of the Bartos Instititue for the Constructive Engagement of Conflict, the well-researched article looks at the white supremacist roots of the Border Patrol and the violence it has unleashed in the Borderlands as well as the Border Patrol's recent deployment to surveil Black Lives Matter protests.  Below is a selection of excerpts, or click here for the full article:


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<![CDATA[blog #33]]>Tue, 16 Jun 2020 22:37:03 GMThttp://suelefebvre.com/blog/blog-33Dear Friends, Sorry, I have been negligent the past ten week. We are learning to live under quarantine in our apartment at the Beatitudes. We have been very well cared for and have only a handful of positive Covid cases and no hospitalizations or deaths. We've also been closely watching the social unrest around police violence against people of color. In a few days, I will resume blogging about border issues. Thanks, Sue Lefebvre


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<![CDATA[blog # 32]]>Wed, 01 Apr 2020 21:01:32 GMThttp://suelefebvre.com/blog/blog-32As if the migrant crisis weren't bad enough, we add the COVID-19 virus to the mix. Paul Barby stays on top of the news coverage of both issues. Links are embedded, so just click on the title to go to the article. This is a long list, but the articles are very worthwhile. Thanks, Sue

Migrants in Central American limbo
as coronavirus relocation plans falter
: Reuters

SAN JOSE (Reuters) - Thousands of African, Haitian and Asian migrants bound for the United States have amassed in immigration shelters in Panama ...
 
The US is swiftly removing migrant children
due to new coronavirus restrictions
: CNN

(CNN) The United States is returning some unaccompanied migrant children arrested on the US-Mexico border to their home countries under new ...
 
Shelters in Tijuana filling up with
expelled migrants
KXAN.com

El Centro Integrador Para el Migrante is currently housing the migrants and is processing their needs. According to the center, the migrants are also ...
 
Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on 
Migrants and Remittances to Latin America

and the Caribbean
 Cities Alliance: Google
How vulnerable are migrants to the pandemic's effects on health and economics?

 
Three Bits of Good News on the 
Immigration Front
: Immigration Blog (blog)

The major development is a negative, almost invisible one: There were no immigration policy setbacks in the stimulus bill. As an old Washington hand, I ...
 

Questions On Immigration, Borders
And Travel During The Coronavirus
Epidemic
NPR

NPR's immigration correspondents answer listener questions about closed borders, travel, visa applications, relief aid for non-U.S. citizens and the ...
 
Daily Immigration News Clips –
March 30, 2020
AILA
Aggregated local and national media coverage of major immigration law news stories being discussed throughout the United States on March 30, ...

 

DACA immigrants on the coronavirus
front line (letter to the editor)
silive.com

I am one out of 27,000 young undocumented immigrants working in healthcare who is part of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) ...

Immigration attorney pleads for
relief as DACA deadlines loom
and social distancing adds hurdles ...
 :
Business Insider
 
Under coronavirus immigration measures, US is expelling border-crossers to Mexico in an average ...:Texas Tribune
Under a new policy spurred by the new coronavirus crisis, Customs and Border Patrol agents are sending undocumented immigrants back into Mexico ...
 

The US is now starting to see
the value of immigrant health
workers
: Quartz

Since it came to power, the Trump administration has waged a relentless, multi-layered war on immigration. But it only took a few days of panic over ...
 
Detainees in US immigration jails
iving in fear as coronavirus spreads
The Guardian
Detainees at immigration detention centers across the American south have alleged heavy-handed crackdowns amid increasing panic and protest ...

Immigrants Jailed by ICE Are Sick, Panicking, and Can't Get Coronavirus Tests - Vice News
 
Happy Surfing, Sue]]>